Animals Alive!: An Ecologoical Guide to Animal Activities
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The appropriate section in 9 C. It shall consist of at least three members, one of whom is the attending veterinarian of the research facility and one of whom is not affiliated in any way with the facility other than as a member of the committee, however, if the research facility has more than one Doctor of Veterinary Medicine DVM , another DVM with delegated program responsibility may serve. The research facility shall establish the Committee for the purpose of evaluating the care, treatment, housing, and use of animals, and for certifying compliance with the Act by the research facility Sect.
Those persons appointed to this committee must be qualified through experience and expertise to assess the research facilities animal program, facilities, and procedures Sect. The DVM can not be a researcher who has no direct or delegated responsibility for animals at the facility.
Although not specifically prohibited by the regulations, the attending veterinarian should not also be the IACUC chairman. This person is not to be affiliated with the research facility in any way other than as a member of the IACUC and can not be a member of the immediate family of a person who is affiliated with the research facility.
This person is to provide representation for the general community interests in the proper care and treatment of animals. The nonaffiliated member can not be paid for his or her services on the committee. Expenses such as, travel or mileage, meals and parking may be reimbursed however.
With respect to activities involving animals, the IACUC, as an agent of the research facility shall:. See Sect. B Require involvement and consultation with the attending veterinarian during planning of the activity Sect.
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This is a firm prohibition and the use of paralytics without anesthesia is not allowed Sect. If such a protocol does not provide for an early termination and euthanasia of the animals then the principal investigator must justify this procedure, in writing, and the IACUC must review and approve such activity. The husbandry, nutrition, and nonmedical care of the animals is to be directed by the attending veterinarian or other scientist trained and experienced in the proper care, handling, and use of the species being used Sect.
This includes after hours, weekends, and holidays Sect. This care must be in accordance with established veterinary medical and nursing practices what is currently accepted as the norm in the veterinary profession Sect. A The procedure is justified for scientific reasons by the investigator, in writing Sect.
B The procedure is required as a routine veterinary procedure, or is necessary to protect the health or well-being of the animal as determined by the attending veterinarian Sect.
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If the IACUC withholds approval of an activity it shall advise the principal investigator, in writing, as to the reasons for its decision and give the principal investigator an opportunity to respond. Any decision to suspend an activity must be made at a meeting of a quorum of the IACUC and a suspension vote by a majority of the quorum present Sect. A proposal to conduct an activity, or to make significant changes in an ongoing activity, involving animals must contain the following Sect. This must include provisions for the use of pain relieving drugs, where appropriate, to minimize discomfort and pain to the animals.
Records that relate directly to proposed activities and proposed significant changes in ongoing activities reviewed and approved by the IACUC shall be maintained for the duration of the activity and for an additional three years after completion of the activity. This responsibility is fulfilled in part by training and instruction to those personnel Sect.
No facility employee, IACUC member, or laboratory personnel are to be discriminated against or subject to reprisal for reporting violations Sect. A summary of all exceptions, including a brief explanation of the exceptions and the species and number of animals affected must be attached to the facilities annual report Sect. An explanation of the procedures producing pain or distress in the animals and the reasons drugs were not used shall be attached to the report. Dealers, exhibitors, and research facilities must develop, document, and follow an appropriate plan to provide dogs with the opportunity for exercise Such exemption must be documented in the Committee-approved proposal and must be reviewed at appropriate intervals as determined by the Committee, but not less than annually Sect.
Facilities must develop, document and follow an appropriate plan for environmental enhancement to promote the psychological wellbeing of nonhuman primates. It must be recorded for each nonhuman primate and be reviewed every 30 days unless it is a permanent condition. If potable water is not continually available to the nonhuman primates, it must be offered to them as often as necessary to ensure their health and well-being, but no less than twice daily for at least one hour each time, unless otherwise required by the attending veterinarian, or as required by the research proposal approved by the Committee at the research facility.
This paper provides a brief summary and section numbers of the regulations and standards that pertain to reports, notifications, certifications, and recordkeeping for dealers and exhibitors as required under the Animal Welfare Act. Application is to be made on a form furnished by the AC Regional Director and is to be filed with the AC Regional Director in the state in which that person operates or intends to operate. The completed application, the application fee indicated in section 2.
The applicant is to acknowledge receipt of the regulations and standards and agree to comply with them by signing the application form or the license will not be issued or renewed. In the case of a part-time attending veterinarian or consultant arrangements, the formal arrangements shall include a written program of veterinary care and regularly scheduled visits to the premises of the dealer or exhibitor; A mechanism of direct and frequent communication is also required so that timely and accurate information on problems of animal health, behavior, and well-being is conveyed to the attending veterinarian.
Subpart E - Identification of Animals. On e copy of the record must accompany each shipment of any dog or cat.
Animals alive! : an ecological guide to animal activities
One copy of the record must accompany each animal shipment. If the Administrator notifies a facility that specified records are to be retained pending an investigation or proceeding, the facility shall hold those records until their disposition is authorized by the Administrator. Each dealer and exhibitor shall furnish any APHIS official any information concerning the business that the APHIS official may request in connection with the enforcement of the Act, regulations and standards.
The records shall be in accordance with sections 2. If lost or stray, the pound or shelter records shall provide the information required in section 2. Dealers and exhibitors must develop, document, and follow an appropriate plan to provide dogs with the opportunity for exercise. In addition, the plan must be approved by the attending veterinarian. The plan must include written standard procedure s to be followed in providing the opportunity for exercise.
The plan, at a minimum, must comply with the conditions and requirements set forth in section 3. Such exemption must be documented by the attending veterinarian and, unless the basis for the exemption is a permanent condition, must be reviewed at least every 30 days by the attending veterinarian. The certification must be securely attached to the outside of the primary enclosure in a manner that makes it easily noticed and read. Instructions for no food or water are not acceptable unless directed by the attending veterinarian.
The certification must include the information required in section 3. A copy of the certification must accompany the dog or cat to its destination and must include the information required in section 3. Any person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations 9 CFR parts 1, 2 and 3 must not transport or deliver for transport in commerce a dog or cat unless the following requirements are met:.
Shipping documents that must accompany shipments of dogs and cats Instructions for the administration of drugs, medication, and other special care must be attached to each primary enclosure in a manner that makes them easy to notice, to detach for examination, and to reattach securely. Food and water instructions must be attached in accordance with section 3. The instructions must be attached in a manner that makes them easily noticed and read. Subpart B - Guinea Pigs and Hamsters.
A copy of such certificate shall accompany the shipment to its destination and shall contain the information required in section 3. No person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations shall offer for transportation, or transport, any live guinea pig or hamster in a primary enclosure that does not conform to the requirements in section 3. A copy of such certificate shall accompany the shipment to destination. The certificate shall include the information required in section 3.
No person subject to the Animal Welfare regulations shall offer for transportation or transport Dealers and exhibitors must develop, document, and follow an appropriate plan for environment enhancement adequate to promote the psychological well-being of nonhuman primates. The plan must address the requirements set forth in section 3. The basis for exemption must be recorded by the attending veterinarian for each exempted nonhuman primate. Unless the basis for exemption is a permanent condition, the exemption must be reviewed at least every 30 days by the attending veterinarian.
Instructions for no feed or water are not acceptable unless directed by the attending veterinarian. Instructions must be in compliance with section 3. The certification must include the requirements set forth in section 3.
A copy of the certification must accompany the nonhuman primate to its destination and must include the information set forth in section 3. Nonhuman primates must be confined in primary enclosures that meet the requirements of section 3.
Primary enclosures must be clearly marked in English on the top and on one or more sides with the words "Wild Animals", or "Live Animals", in letters at least 1 inch high and with arrows or other markings to indicate the correct upright position of the primary enclosure. Shipping documents that must accompany shipments of nonhuman primates Instructions for administration of drugs, medication, and other special care must be attached to each primary enclosure in a manner that makes them easy to notice, to detach for examination, and to reattach securely.
Consignors who are subject to Animal Welfare regulations 9 CFR parts 1, 2 and 3 must certify that each nonhuman primate was offered food and potable water within the 4 hours preceding delivery of the nonhuman primate to a carrier or intermediate handler for transportation in commerce, and must certify the date and time the food and potable water was offered, in accordance section 3.
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Written contingency plans must be submitted to and approved by the AC Deputy Administrator regarding emergency sources of water and electric power in the event of failure of the primary sources, when such failure could reasonably be expected to be detrimental to the good health and well-being of the marine mammal housed therein. The plan must include the requirements in this section: 3. Records must be kept documenting the time when all such samples were taken and the results of the sampling. Records of all such test results shall be maintained by management for a 1-year period and must be made available for inspection purposes on request.
A necropsy report must be prepared by the veterinarian listing all pathologic lesions observed and giving the apparent cause of death.
All diagnostic rests conducted on post mortem specimens shall be listed in the report, and the results of each test recorded.