Behind Closed Doors: Moving Beyond Secrecy and Shame (Voices of Donor Conception Book 1)
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If they find out, things can get complicated. It Was the Wrong Sperm. Donor Sibling Registry Blog. Finding My Biological Family. I Am a Product of Surrogacy. Searching for My Sperm Donor Father. This project allows them an opportunity to be heard without revealing their identities or risking hurt to their loved ones. Fertility clinics are marketing genetically enhanced babies. Career women are saving their eggs for later in life.
Donor Conception | Severance Magazine
And Third World women are renting their wombs to the rich. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form. Tip: To go directly to an article using its bibliographical details…. Quick Search :. Ehrensaft, D. Check out Michael Galinsky's brand new blog at Donor Michael is one of a growing number of former sperm donors who are joining the Donor Sibling Registry and trying to make contact with their biological children.
In the mid s there was no choice for most donors. You were anonymous, or didn't donate. Today some of these donors are attempting to change that status. Many sperm banks are refusing - some are even refusing to provide the donors with their donor numbers so they cannot register on places like the DSR.
These donors are going to be a force to be reckoned with in the coming years, and it will be their voices, alongside those of us donor conceived adults, who will ultimately make reform. I have simulatneously put this post on my own blog for the simple reason that I think that genetic genealogy testing has the "potential" to provide some answers for those of us that do not have any and have no means of being able to make a search of any sort.
Thereby giving some of us an avenue of moving forward, maybe not all the way to our goal but perhaps at least part of the way. After all it has been a successful avenue for at least one DC person. In an effort to compensate for the lack of heritage and knowledge of my genetic father that was forcibly imposed on myself by being donor conceived I undertook a genetic genealogy test from Family Tree DNA.
While there are numerous companies offering such services, FTDNA was settled on due to having the largest database, a factor of great importance when trying to create a match with a potential distant relative. Once the testing kit arrived in the letter box it was a simple matter of collecting some buccal cells cheek cells from the inside of you mouth via a scraping, then sending it back to the testing company and waiting for the results.
The genetic genealogy test in regards to paternity works by following the Y-chromosome through the generations, as such, finding more information on your genetic donor father and your heritage through that part of your family tree is only possible for male offspring. Unfortunately female offspring are unable to do this. However, if they are a product of donated eggs they as well as male offspring could potentially follow the maternal side of their family tree through mitochondrial DNA testing which follows the maternal line.
Both tests implement the premise that both the Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA are highly conserved and do not change when passed onto the next generation. Small changes do occur occasionally due to mutations and is the reason why we can then see who is closely related to each other through their DNA and why most people are related to each other if we go back far enough in history. I purchased the Y-DNA 37 markers test from the option of 12, 37 and 67 markers on the recommendation of FTDNA with the theory being that 12 markers are not specific enough to verify a relation whereas 67 were supposedly too specific and that a certain degree of ambiguity is desirable when a person has no knowledge of their heritage or a genetically inherited family name eg.
It is these numbers which are used to match yourself with others that are related. From my results, FTDNA matched me perfectly to 4 other individuals at the 12 marker level, and to 2 others at a genetic distance of 2 at the 25 marker level. The genetic distance is a measure of how many markers are different and by what degree they are different.
This was within the FTDNA database, however, it is possible to put you values into a wider database such as Y-SEARCH which allows people who have been tested by other companies to put their values online and to search for matches. The advantage of a database such as this is that it can be considerably larger and it allows you to conduct more thorough searches by changing the parameters to which matches are made which is not possible on the FTDNA site and subsequently, people that can be related could be excluded from being shown to you through the FTDNA results.
Putting my marker values in Y-SEARCH allowed me to match to several individuals at more than 30 markers with a relatively small genetic distance. While it may at one level be beneficial to keep some level of ambiguity in your testing for those of unknown paternity. It can also create other problems in that by not being specific enough to confirm a close relation. From 37 marker results it is possible that someone that may appear close is actually quite distant at the 67 marker level, and conversely someone who may not initially appear as the main person of interest at 37 markers may be considerably close at the 67 marker level.
In addition to the marker values and possible matches that are obtained through such testing, a haplogroup can be assigned to your results. This haplogroup basically describes a part of the population that originates from a common ancestor through the use of single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs.
As such depending on what haplogroup may be assigned to you, the region from which your paternal line comes from can be pinpointed or narrowed down.
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For example my haplogroup is most closely associated with the British Isles and Western Europe. This haplogroup can be defined to a greater level through Deep Clade testing which then has the possibility of further refining your ancestral origins to a region within these areas. My haplogroup assignment is also supported by the greatest number of matches I had of certain markers which define recent common ancestor origins to the areas of England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany.
So how do these results affect my knowledge of my heritage and my quest to find my genetic father? In several ways; First the matches that I have been able to make provide a basis to conduct further research.
Tuesday, December 15, 2009
For those in the databases that have selected to allow their contact details to be accessible, they can be contacted and research can be conducted on their family history to see if there is a possibility of a closer link. Secondly, the surnames and their derivatives that can come back as matches can be used by donor offspring to cross-reference with in my case names of medical and science graduates which comprised the donor pool at that time as possible avenues of enquiry.
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Thirdly, any haplogroup assignment could also help narrow down the name pool of potential donors from the aforementioned donor pool based on certain family names originating from certain areas of the world. The use of such testing has been used successfully previously with one donor offspring in the USA finding their genetic father by matching up with a close relative.
There are also other companies which conduct health analysis of DNA. The thing that must be noted is that any genetic genealogy result obtained is dependent on a close or distant relation also having undergone testing. While currently the greatest population of people undergoing such testing live in the USA, the British Isles and Western Europe, with more and more people being tested everyday, for those that may not get closer to discovering their heritage or even their paternity initially, eventually they may get there given time. While I cannot show here the results of any matches as enquiries are ongoing, they have not excluded any of the information and lines of enquiry that I had obtained through other means before undergoing genetic testing.
In regard to further genetic testing I may in the near future increase the number of markers to narrow down some of the potential matches if the line of enquiry deems that it would be of benefit. A further refinement of the haplogroup assignment by Deep Clade testing may also assist in this and will be assessed on its necessity as required. While genetic genealogy testing and DNA health analysis may not give to me the genetic father that has been missing in my life, it has the potential to provide for not just myself but also to my children a picture of our heritage the origin of my paternity by region but also a family health history which will be just as important to them as me.
How do you define identity? What role, if any, has genetics played in shaping the person you are today? We want to hear your stories; your perspectives; your insights into the impact of the technology that helped bring you into this world and your vision for the future. Please allow us to introduce ourselves:. In Tammi launched her international film production, media and communications company - Juggernaut Media Management. Ros Tatarka is an established producer with an extensive track record primarily in television production.
She later went on to Associate Produce the mini-series Snowy and the first nine telemovies of the successful Halifaxfp franchise. In this role, Ros headed up the business unit responsible for stimulating and supporting growth and excellence in the Victorian screen industry. In Ros returned to the independent sector and through her production company, Creat E ve Pty Ltd, is developing a slate of projects including feature film, television drama, documentary and new media.
From Kathleen LaBounty: Cynthia Davis, of the Missouri State Legislature is looking to ban anonymous donations in the state of Missouri and give all donor-conceived offspring the right to access the donor's identity at age She is hoping to have a hearing about her bill HB within the next three months.
She is looking for donor-conceived adults and families from Missour i to speak there. If you are interested please contact Cynthia Davis at Cynthia.
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Davis house. Summary of the Introduced Bill HB -- Sperm and Egg Donations Sponsor: Davis This bill allows an adult child born as a result of a sperm or egg donation to obtain identifying information regarding the donor by requiring the name of the biological parent and the donor parent to be shown on the child's birth certificate.
The State Registrar will file the original birth certificate in the event the non-donor parent requests a new birth certificate. Unless contracted in writing, no legal relationship will exist between the child born as a result of a sperm or egg donation or the child's parent and the child's donor. In the event of a birth as a result of a sperm or egg donor, any person or entity required to file a birth certificate must send the Department of Health and Senior Services documentation of the birth including the child's name, sex, and date and place of birth; the biological parent's name or other parent's name; and the donor parent's name.
An adult child of a sperm or egg donation made prior to January 1, , can make a written request to the circuit court in the county in which he or she resides to secure and disclose identifying information of his or her donor parent. Donor parents can register with the Children's Division within the Department of Social Services if they choose to allow a child to obtain his or her identifying information. Any adult child born as a result of a sperm or egg donation will be subject to the same requirements as an adopted child when seeking identifying or non-identifying information regarding his or her donor parent.
Children born as a result of a sperm or egg donation made after January 1, , can receive a copy of his or her original birth certificate indicating his or her donor's identifying and medical history information from the State Registrar and the donation facility. I just realized that there was a problem with the comments section, and you couldn't post a comment for some reason. I've fixed the problem, so hopefully anyone can now respond.
Hi everyone! What are your thoughts on this? I always thought donor-conception was a treatment for infertility? Since when is a woman with 6 children already albeit through DC in need of more "infertility" treatment Disclaimer: I am NOT of that opinion myself.
However, being an unemployed, single mum of 14, she is now "counting on God to help provide for her family but acknowledged that she already was "struggling" financially to raise her first six children" I've surprised myself - I'm usually someone who's very happy to sit on the fence!!
El xx. Children of sperm donors are seeking more information about their once-anonymous fathers, sometimes at the risk of the fertility industry itself. It's not the state withholding records, it's the doctors. There is no law in any state that gives a doctor the power to prohibit access by a donor conceived people DCP to the records of their identity.