The Patrician and the Soldier (A Roman Sex Story) (The Dirty Romans Book 1)
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You have squandered more than a third of the property you inherited from your father and dissipated it in debauchery" Aulus Gellius, Noctes Atticae, vii, It was about this time that the Oppian law came up for repeal. This sumptuary law was passed during the public distress consequent upon Hannibal's invasion of Italy. It was repealed eighteen years afterward, upon petition of the Roman ladies, though strenuously opposed by Cato Livy 34, 1; Tacitus, Annales, 3, The increase of wealth among the Romans, the spoils wrung from their victims as a portion of the price of defeat, the contact of the legions with the softer, more civilized, more sensuous races of Greece and Asia Minor, laid the foundations upon which the social evil was to rise above the city of the seven hills, and finally crush her.
In the character of the Roman, there was but little of tenderness. The well-being of the state caused him his keenest anxiety. One of the laws of the twelve tables, the "Coelebes Prohibito," compelled the citizen of manly vigor to satisfy the promptings of nature in the arms of a lawful wife, and the tax on bachelors is as ancient as the times of Furius Camillus. The old Romans had passed this law in hope that, in this way, the city of Rome, and the Provinces of the Roman Empire as well, might be insured an abundant population.
The "Jus Trium Librorum," under the empire, a privilege enjoyed by those who had three legitimate children, consisting, as it did, of permission to fill a public office before the twenty-fifth year of one's age, and in freedom from personal burdens, must have had its origin in the grave apprehensions for the future, felt by those in power. The fact that this right was sometimes conferred upon those who were not legally entitled to benefit by it, makes no difference in this inference.
FROM THE FOUNDING OF THE CITY TO THE END OF THE COMMONWEALTH.
Scions of patrician families imbibed their lessons from the skilled voluptuaries of Greece and the Levant and in their intrigues with the wantons of those climes, they learned to lavish wealth as a fine art. Upon their return to Rome, they were but ill-pleased with the standard of entertainment offered by the ruder and less sophisticated native talent; they imported Greek and Syrian mistresses. The Roman matron had learned how to be a mother, the lesson of love was an unopened book; and, when the foreign hetairai poured into the city, and the struggle for supremacy began, she soon became aware of the disadvantage under which she contended.
Her natural haughtiness had caused her to lose valuable time; pride, and finally desperation drove her to attempt to outdo her foreign rivals; her native modesty became a thing of the past, her Roman initiative, unadorned by sophistication, was often but too successful in outdoing the Greek and Syrian wantons, but without the appearance of refinement which they always contrived to give to every caress of passion or avarice. They wooed fortune with an abandon that soon made them the objects of contempt in the eyes of their lords and masters.
Martial, writing about ninety years later says: "Sophronius Rufus, long have I been searching the city through to find if there is ever a maid to say 'No'; there is not one. In point of time, a century separates Ovid and Martial; from a moral standpoint, they are as far apart as the poles. The revenge, then, taken by Asia, gives a startling insight into the real meaning of Kipling's poem, "The female of the species is more deadly than the male. Long since has the Syrian Orontes flowed into the Tiber and brought along with it the Syrian tongue and manners and cross-stringed harp and harper and exotic timbrels and girls bidden stand for hire at the circus.
Still, from the facts which have come down to us, we cannot arrive at any definite date at which houses of ill fame and women of the town came into vogue at Rome.
That they had long been under police regulation, and compelled to register with the aedile, is evident from a passage in Tacitus: "for Visitilia, born of a family of praetorian rank, had publicly notified before the aediles, a permit for fornication, according to the usage that prevailed among our fathers, who supposed that sufficient punishment for unchaste women resided in the very nature of their calling.
No penalty attached to illicit intercourse or to prostitution in general, and the reason appears in the passage from Tacitus, quoted above. In the case of married women, however, who contravened the marriage vow there were several penalties. Among them, one was of exceptional severity, and was not repealed until the time of Theodosius: "again he repealed another regulation of the following nature; if any should have been detected in adultery, by this plan she was not in any way reformed, but rather utterly given over to an increase of her ill behaviour.
They used to shut the woman up in a narrow room, admitting any that would commit fornication with her, and, at the moment when they were accomplishing their foul deed, to strike bells, that the sound might make known to all, the injury she was suffering. The Emperor hearing this, would suffer it no longer, but ordered the very rooms to be pulled down" Paulus Diaconus, Hist.
Procuration also, had to be notified before the aedile, whose special business it was to see that no Roman matron became a prostitute. These aediles had authority to search every place which had reason to fear anything, but they themselves dared not engage in any immorality there; Aulus Gellius, Noct. The result of the trial is as follows: "the tribunes gave as their decision that the aedile had been lawfully driven from that place, as being one that he ought not to have visited with his officer.
Caligula inaugurated a tax upon prostitutes vectigal ex capturis , as a state impost: "he levied new and hitherto unheard of taxes; a proportion of the fees of prostitutes; -- so much as each earned with one man. A clause was also added to the law directing that women who had practiced harlotry and men who had practiced procuration should be rated publicly; and furthermore, that marriages should be liable to the rate" Suetonius, Calig.
Alexander Severus retained this law, but directed that such revenue be used for the upkeep of the public buildings, that it might not contaminate the state treasure Lamprid. Severus, chap. And the wonderful range of things to think about?
Prostitution in ancient Rome
Culture, archaeology, art, music, theater, books and writing, language, philosophy, politics, peace and war, life and living. Psychology, sociology, history, geometry and astronomy and biology, building and architecture and engineering. Economics and geography, women and men and children, farming and town planning, rivers and deserts and mountains, gods and goddesses. Birth and death, magic and mystery, aspiration and despair, palaces and mud huts, the freedom to rule empires, and the chains of everlasting slavery.
Poetry, logic, weaponry, sports, courage and cowardice, love and hate, and genius. The land of the citizen statesmen, the Emperors, the warriors, the Caesars. The power of an Empire that conquered most of what we know of as Europe, ruled it, linked its roads and laws with it, exported its culture and language to it. Baths, plumbing, food, religion, architecture, drama, walls, palaces, slaves and servants. Political strategy, diplomacy, and philosophy.
Words falter in capturing this mighty civilization with its weaknesses and strengths, its triumphs and its calamities. Marcus Licinius Crassus d.
Became known as the First Triumvirate, a period which saw the three of them cover all bases of Roman power so effectively that they ruled virtually unopposed. A fourth man, Marcus Tullius Cicero BC , is generally understood to have been the greatest orator in the entire history of the Roman Empire. All four were stabbed to death within ten years of each other.
Private libraries became widespread thoughout the empire in the 1st Century AD. His employment reforms ended the economic stagnation caused by the influx of slaves. By changing the amount of power creditors had over the citizens, people were able to pay off their debts.
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Thanks to Caesar, things were steadily improving for Rome. Employment in the city was up, security and confidence were up, people were entertained by the gladiator games, and the economy was stimulated with import and export. People were generally simply happy with the way life was going. So why did they assassinate Caesar?
It all goes back to the founding of Rome in BC. First Came the Etruscans.
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Caesar was assassinated because he was the man who dared to change Rome from a Republic to an Empire. In so doing, Caesar hit a deep nerve. Many Romans were deeply paranoid about giving too much power to one man. They had good reason. To understand Rome, you have to go back years to the hated Etruscan kings who ruled Rome during its infancy. These men were the leaders of an invading tribe known as the Etruscans. Prior to the Etruscans, this area on the Tiber River had been a small, inconspicuous town. Then in BC, out of nowhere, a powerful tribe known as the Etruscans moved into town and took over.
Gradually expanding northward from the Bay of Naples, the Etruscans organized the backward Italic peoples into a loose confederation of Etruscan-dominated city-states. Rome had become just the latest victim in the shadow of Etruscan expansion. Before they were free.
COMIC HISTORY OF ROME,
Now they had rulers. From the very start, Rome was bathed in violence. During an argument, Romulus killed his brother. No one knows what the argument was about, but I suspect they couldn't agree on what to call their new city. Remus' death solved that problem nicely.
Book of ancient rome volume 1 revised edition by Tolomei Varun - Issuu
Romulus decided to name the city after himself. Now that he was in charge, Romulus didn't waste any time. This town lacked fortifications, so it was vulnerable to attack. Romulus put the conquered people of Rome to work in a massive building project. In short order, Rome had grown from a village to a city. It was now the largest city in the area. Just like a modern boomtown, people from around the countryside flocked to the area in search of work and adventure.
There was one problem - almost all the newcomers were nomadic single men. This problem led to the incident with the Sabine women. Rome's population growth was stagnating because there weren't enough women. Romulus petitioned the surrounding tribes for rights to intermarry.
Despite his efforts, the Roman requests were all met with stern declination. Leave our women alone. Romulus decided that if the neighboring towns would not share their women, Rome would take them. The Romans hid their dismay and pretended to be friends with their stingy neighbors. Then they resorted to trickery.